Intro to the Sacred Mosque
The English translation of Badshahi mosque is Royal Mosque. It’s the second biggest mosque in Pakistan situated in the provincial capital of Lahore, Punjab. The mosque was constructed in 1673 A.D. by Aurangzeb Alamgir (mughal emperor). This lavishly created mosque remained largest in the world till 1986. Shah Faisal Mosque located in Islamabad overtook its place in size and capacity after the completion. The total area it occupies is 29,867.2 square meters and has the volume to adjust 100,000 worshipers. Presently, Badshahi mosque is the eighth largest mosque in terms of having capacity to accommodate worshipers whereas it’s tenth largest as per the total area. The divine mosque along with its historical background and fascinating mughal architecture is a prominent tourist landmark and attraction not only for the Lahoris but people from the entire Punjab.
Explicitly Detailed History on its Construction
Badshahi mosque had been built-in mughal time during the rule of sixth emperor named Aurangzeb Alamgir. The mughal emperor ordered the making of mosque in 1671 A.D. To carry out the construction, he specifically appointed his brother named Fiadi Khan Koka who was the governor of Lahore at that time. He then on Aurangzeb’s command undertook the supervision of constructing the mosque. The mosque was completed after two years of hard work and determination in 1673. Fiadi Khan Koka stayed as governor of Lahore till 1675 A.D.
The Sikh Rule
In 1799, Maharaja Ranjit Singh (Sikh militia) conquered Lahore. While the Sikh ruled, the heavenly mosque was terribly damaged and mistreated multiple times. Sikh Maharaja utilized the spacious courtyard of Badshahi mosque as stable for his army’s horses. The Maharaja used eighty hujras “study rooms” which were built for soldiers around the vast courtyard and also used them for keeping weapons. In about 1841, Sikh civil War broke between son of Ranjeet Singh “Sher Singh” and Chand Kaur Maharani. During this war-time, Sher Singh started using the mosque’s minarets to place Zamburahs (light guns) for bombarding and destroying the Maharani supporters who took shelter in Lahore Fort also called Shahi Qila.
The British Era
In middle of the 18th century, British captured Lahore and after that, the British EIC continued using the sacred place for their military purposes. The British demolished all the eighty hujras surrounding the courtyard to refrain them for getting used against the British and in place of them built side aisles also called dalans which still exists there. In 1952, British Raj in India clearly sensed the accelerating resentment in the Muslims against use of Mosque for only their military purposes. Seeing this, the British created an Authority of Badshahi Mosque giving them the right to restore the mosque, get to its actual form and then return it to them Muslims. Later in year 1939, the Authority of Badshahi Mosque started repairing the mosque extensively to restore to its glory.
The Glorious Mosque After 1947
After the inception of Pakistan, Lahore turned out to be a part of the separate country and the Badshahi Mosque accompanied it. The mosques restoration took place in 1939 and got back to its real celestial condition in year 1960 with cost of 5.8 million rupees. Later Lahore’s Fakir Family donated Prophet Muhammad’s, Fatima’s and Ali’s relics to the mosque. These relics were used to create a museum within the main entrance of Badshahi Mosque as ordered by the Government of Pakistan. In 1933, Pakistan’s government proposed considering Badshahi Mosque as UNESCO World Heritage Site where the mosque got added to the tentative list nominating it for World Heritage List. In 2000, the mosque was repaired with marble inlay. In 2008, red tiles of sandstone were replaced at the Badshahi Mosques wide courtyard. The sandstone which was used was specially imported from Rajasthan which was the original source of sandstone when the mosque got built back in year 1673.
Architecture and Design of Badshahi Mosque
The Badshahi Mosque’s graceful architecture and design was highly inspired by central Asian, Islamic, Indian and Persian styles. The design of this praiseworthy monument is somewhat similar to the Jama Mosque situated in Delhi which got constructed by the Emperor Aurangzeb-father of Shah Jahan. Badshahi Mosque along with its massive courtyard was built on the platform which accessed from easy using twenty-two three-sided steps as well as delicate gateway peculiarly of the traditional Mughal design. The major prayer hall covers the entire area of 2120 square meters. The mosques interior is lavishly designed with inlaid stucco tracery, fresco work and marble. The prayer hall’s exterior is embroidered with marble insertions on the red sandstone and stone carvings.
The Measurements of Ever Sparkling Mosque
The large courtyard contains area of 278, 784 square feet. The current red sandstone which floors perfectly the courtyard was laid while the main renovation work was done by the mosques authority. Originally, Badshahi mosque was beautifully decorated with tiny kiln burnt bricks which were placed in the Mussalah pattern. The mosque consists of four artistic minarets: each one has 176 feet of height and circumference of 67 feet. Central dome owns 21.49 meters of diameter at the bugling and its 49 feet high. Badshahi mosque consists of two domes, on every side of the large dome. The diameter of every small dome is 54 feet at the bugling and height of 9.8 meters (32 feet).
A Majestic Sight to See
Just like the personality of Badshahi Mosque’s founder, it’s vast, majestic and bold in expression. The skyline which is furnished by dainty ornamental merlons inserting with marble lining that adds grace and catchiness to mosques perimeter. It’s brilliantly designed architecture sums up the entire history of its development. Badshahi mosque is a pleasurable sight for the viewers and visitors. Its beauty is beyond one’s sense of imagination due to its rich creativity. The everlasting glorious view is meant for sightseeing and admiration which is hard to resist for any person who witness it. Badshahi Mosque is an amusing treat to visit for people visiting from all around the globe.