A Short Biography on Pir Mehr Ali Shah

The history of the world is marked by the endeavors of some individuals. They always stood up as the guiding light for others. They have observed the depravity prevailing in their community, the manner in which it is making one stratum of society dominant over others, and their abuse of power to take away the rights of other members of society. The saints and scholars have challenged such forces of evil to spread the word of equality and peace and harmony among the general masses. One well-renowned sufi saint of his time came into the forefront in the subcontinent when the land was part of the British Empire and challenged the claim of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed as the Messenger. We now know him as Pir Mehr Ali Shah.

In this article, we will talk about his early life and education and those circumstances that made the great scholar of his time leading the anti Qaadiyani movement.

Early Life and Educationearly life of pir mehr, Al Fatihah us Samadiyyah, religious education, sufi saint

Hazrat Pir Mehr Ali Shah was born on April 14, 1859, in Golra Sharif, located in present Islamabad. He belongs to the Chisti order. It was the onset of the holy month of Ramazan. He is a well-renowned theologian, a Hanafi scholar, and a Sufi saint. He is especially acclaimed for becoming the voice of the people launching the anti-Qadiani campaign. It was when Mirza Ghulam Ahmed proclaimed to be the messenger of God.

Saif-i-chistiyai translated as the sword of Chisti is a great contribution of Pir Mehr Ali Shah in the aforementioned context challenging heresy committed by Mirza Ghulam Ahmed.

Pir Mehr Ali Shah Education

He was the son of Nazr Din Shah, a descendent of Abdul Qadir Gilani in the twenty-fifth generation. He received the basic teachings of the Quran from the khanqah of his own family. This helped him in spiritual reformation and character building.

He also mastered Urdu and Persian as he received most of his classes in these two languages at the local madrassah. After staying here and completing his studies for two and half years equivalent to the intermediate level of education, Pir Mehr Ali Shah decided to pursue higher education in the learned disciplines.

Thus, he started his journey towards the United Provinces of India. Some of the major places where he stayed for his studies include Saharanpur, Kanpur, and Aligarh.

Lutfullah Madrassah is one major religious institute where he studied for almost two and half years. He married the daughter of Syed Charagh Ali Shah who lived in Hasan Abdal.

Religious Books by Pir Mehr Ali ShahIslamic knowledge, religious teachings, Islam

Pir Mehr Ali Shah has contributed significantly to the religious teaching and social welfare of the society. He strengthened their beliefs and repudiating apocryphal perspectives disseminated by the nonbelievers.

Tahqeeq ul Haq Fi Kalma tul Haq

Tahqeeq ul Haq Fi Kalma tul Haq is one major book acclaimed for the depth of meaning laid down by Pir Mehr Ali Shah. In his book, he wrote different chapters and discussed the basic elements of Islam and fundamental beliefs to become a Muslim. Shah has critically analyzed different religious and spiritual issues within this book. It is in the Persian language. The book particularly corrects the concept of Wahdat ul Wajood.

Shams ul Haq

Shams ul Haq is another laudable book of Pir Mehr Ali Shah. It challenges and responds to all the fallacious claims made by Mirza Ghulam Ahmed. Mirza Ghulam Ahmed responded to the questions raised by Pir Mehr Ali Shah. However, Saif e Chistiya  is another major contribution. It has a similar aim of rejecting the hollow and baseless principles on the basis of which Mirza Ghula Ahmed declared himself as the messenger. It can be considered as an extension to all the arguments presented in his earlier book nullify the false beliefs spread by Mirza Ghulam Ahmed.

AlFatuhat us Samadiyyah

AlFatuhat us Samadiyyah (Divine Bounties) is a book written by Pir Mehr Ali Shah as an answer to a group of nonconforming scholars. They raised a set of questions and presented before the sufi saint through his own disciple, Qaim Ali Chisti. He was studying in madrassah nomaniyah. This book signifies the blessings of Creator over His creations. It discusses the resultant responsibilities due on an individual to appreciate and praise the glory of his Creator.

The intent behind asking those questions was to test the profundity of knowledge possessed by Pir Mehr Ali Shah. These questions were from the different domains of Islamic sciences. Such as linguistics, jurisprudence, numbers, logic, scholastic theology, and Euclidean Geometry. The insightful replies of Shah were so influential that the tables were shifted. Pir Mehr Ali Shah presented those ulema with a set of twelve questions which they failed to answer.

I’la Kalimatila Fi Bayan e Wa Ma Uhila Bihi Ligharila

I’la Kalimatila Fi Bayan e Wa Ma Uhila Bihi Ligharila elaborates issues related to everyday life of a muslim. Some of the matters covered in his book include

  • The ability of a deceased to hear and listen to others even after death
  • Permission to sacrifice animals in the name of the Creator
  • Scope of Quranic injunctions
  • Permission to solicit help
  • Guidance from awlia karaam

Tasfiah Mabain Sunni Wa Shiah

Tasfiah Mabain Sunni Wa Shiah is the book hitherto acknowledged as an endeavor of Pir Mehr Ali Shah. It aims to resolve and uproot the differences leading to an incessant tussle between the Sunni and Shia sects of Islam. The root cause of these differences was the order of successions among Hazrat Abu Bakr, Hazrat Umar, Hazrat Usman, and Hazrat Ali after the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SAW). The Prophet advised his ummah to choose their successor through democracy. However, few conservative groups initiated the rift. They were not contented by the succession of the first three Sahaba as the Caliphs of islam.

Keeping in view the rising schism between the two sects, Hazrat Pir Mehr Ali Shah wrote this book. He advised Muslims to maintain balance in the respect and honor for the family of Prophet, known as Ahl-e-baet. Ashaab are his fellow companions who stood by his side against the nonbelievers. 

X